Catholic Articles

Papal Bulls

  • ~1 min read

Papal Bulls that create the foundation of the Doctrine of Discovery

Read More


  • 3 min read

Spanish conquistadors read this document, composed in 1514, to Indians of the new world. It briefly explains Spain’s assertion of its legal and moral right to rule over the inhabitants of Latin America. It also provides a rationale for a ‘just war’.

Read More

Treaty of Tordesillas

  • 22 min read

The Treaty of Tordesillas was concluded on June 7 1494 to settle the contentious matter of the possession of the newly discovered lands of the non Christian world between Portugal and Spain. It was ratified by Spain on July 2, 1494. and by Portugal on September 5, 1494.

Read More

Inter Caetera

  • 8 min read

The Legal Battle and Spiritual War against the Native People The Bull Inter Caetera (Alexander VI) May 4, 1493

Read More